Online JudgeProblem SetAuthorsOnline ContestsUser
Web Board
Home Page
F.A.Qs
Statistical Charts
Problems
Submit Problem
Online Status
Prob.ID:
Register
Update your info
Authors ranklist
Current Contest
Past Contests
Scheduled Contests
Award Contest
User ID:
Password:
  Register
北京大学《ACM-ICPC竞赛训练》暑期课面向全球招生。容量有限,报名从速!
Language:
01000001
Time Limit: 1000MSMemory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 10772Accepted: 3407

Description

Adding binary numbers is a very simple task, and very similar to the longhand addition of decimal numbers. As with decimal numbers, you start by adding the bits (digits) one column at a time, from right to left. Unlike decimal addition, there is little to memorize in the way of rules for the addition of binary bits:

   0 + 0 = 0
1 + 0 = 1
0 + 1 = 1
1 + 1 = 10
1 + 1 + 1 = 11

Just as with decimal addition, when the sum in one column is a two-bit (two-digit) number, the least significant figure is written as part of the total sum and the most significant figure is “carried” to the next left column. Consider the following examples:

                       11  1 <-- Carry bits --> 1   11
1001101 1001001 1000111
+ 0010010 + 0011001 + 1010110
-------- --------- ---------
1011111 1100010 10011101

The addition problem on the left did not require any bits to be carried, since the sum of bits in each column was either 1 or 0, not 10 or 11. In the other two problems, there definitely were bits to be carried, but the process of addition is still quite simple.

Input

The first line of input contains an integer N, (1 ≤ N ≤ 1000), which is the number of binary addition problems that follow. Each problem appears on a single line containing two binary values separated by a single space character. The maximum length of each binary value is 80 bits (binary digits). Note: The maximum length result could be 81 bits (binary digits).

Output

For each binary addition problem, print the problem number, a space, and the binary result of the addition. Extra leading zeroes must be omitted.

Sample Input

3
1001101 10010
1001001 11001
1000111 1010110

Sample Output

1 1011111
2 1100010
3 10011101

Source

[Submit]   [Go Back]   [Status]   [Discuss]

Home Page   Go Back  To top


All Rights Reserved 2003-2013 Ying Fuchen,Xu Pengcheng,Xie Di
Any problem, Please Contact Administrator