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北京大学ACM/ICPC竞赛训练暑期课面向全球招生!
Language:
Color
Time Limit: 2000MSMemory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 9278Accepted: 3017

Description

Beads of N colors are connected together into a circular necklace of N beads (N<=1000000000). Your job is to calculate how many different kinds of the necklace can be produced. You should know that the necklace might not use up all the N colors, and the repetitions that are produced by rotation around the center of the circular necklace are all neglected.

You only need to output the answer module a given number P.

Input

The first line of the input is an integer X (X <= 3500) representing the number of test cases. The following X lines each contains two numbers N and P (1 <= N <= 1000000000, 1 <= P <= 30000), representing a test case.

Output

For each test case, output one line containing the answer.

Sample Input

5
1 30000
2 30000
3 30000
4 30000
5 30000

Sample Output

1
3
11
70
629

Source

POJ Monthly,Lou Tiancheng

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