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Re:树的做法,贴个代码

Posted by Hust_cs1707_lihui at 2019-11-27 17:48:32 on Problem 2503
In Reply To:树的做法,贴个代码 Posted by:lizimeng at 2016-02-24 13:12:34
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <stdlib.h>
> #include <string.h>
> 
> struct item
> {
>     char a[11],b[11];            //a存储方言,b存储英文
>     struct item*lchild,*rchild;
> };
> 
> void ruin(struct item*root)
> {
>     if(root!=NULL)
>     {
>         ruin(root->lchild);
>         ruin(root->rchild);
>         free(root);
>     }
> }
> 
> int main()
> {
>     int i,j,t;
>     struct item*head,*p,*r;
>     char s[50];
> 
>     //创建根节点
>     head = (struct item*)malloc(sizeof(struct item));
>     head->lchild = NULL;
>     head->rchild = NULL;
>     gets(s);
>     if(s[0]!='\0')
>     {
>         for(i=0;s[i]!=' ';i++)
>             head->b[i] = s[i];
>         head->b[i] = '\0';
>         j = i+1;
>         for(i=0;s[j]!='\0';i++,j++)
>             head->a[i] = s[j];
>         head->a[i] = '\0';
>     }
> 
>     //建立字典树
>     gets(s);
>     while(s[0]!='\0')
>     {
>         //做节点r
>         r = (struct item*)malloc(sizeof(struct item));
>         r->lchild = NULL;
>         r->rchild = NULL;
>         for(i=0;s[i]!=' ';i++)
>             r->b[i] = s[i];
>         r->b[i] = '\0';
>         j = i + 1;
>         for(i=0;s[j]!='\0';i++,j++)
>             r->a[i] = s[j];
>         r->a[i] = '\0';
> 
>         //将结点r添加到字典树
>         p = head;
>         while(1)
>         {
>             if(strcmp(r->a,p->a)<0)
>             {
>                 if(p->lchild!=NULL)
>                     p = p->lchild;
>                 else
>                 {
>                     p->lchild = r;
>                     break;
>                 }
>             }
>             else
>             {
>                 if(p->rchild!=NULL)
>                     p = p->rchild;
>                 else
>                 {
>                     p->rchild = r;
>                     break;
>                 }
>             }
>         }
>         //读入下一行
>         gets(s);
>     }
> 
>     //进行查询
>     while(gets(s)!=NULL)
>     {
>         p = head;
>         while(p!=NULL)
>         {
>             t = strcmp(s,p->a);
>             if(t==0)
>             {
>                 puts(p->b);
>                 break;
>             }
>             else if(t<0)
>                 p = p->lchild;
>             else
>                 p = p->rchild;
>         }
>         if(p==NULL)
>             printf("eh\n");
>     }
> 
>     //销毁二叉树
>     ruin(head);
> 
>     return 0;
> }
> 
> //用的二叉排序树,400多ms

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