Online JudgeProblem SetAuthorsOnline ContestsUser
Web Board
Home Page
Statistical Charts
Submit Problem
Online Status
Update your info
Authors ranklist
Current Contest
Past Contests
Scheduled Contests
Award Contest
User ID:
Open-air shopping malls
Time Limit: 1000MSMemory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 695Accepted: 227


The city of M is a famous shopping city and its open-air shopping malls are extremely attractive. During the tourist seasons, thousands of people crowded into these shopping malls and enjoy the vary-different shopping.

Unfortunately, the climate has changed little by little and now rainy days seriously affected the operation of open-air shopping malls -- it's obvious that nobody will have a good mood when shopping in the rain. In order to change this situation, the manager of these open-air shopping malls would like to build a giant umbrella to solve this problem.

These shopping malls can be considered as different circles. It is guaranteed that these circles will not intersect with each other and no circles will be contained in another one. The giant umbrella is also a circle. Due to some technical reasons, the center of the umbrella must coincide with the center of a shopping mall. Furthermore, a fine survey shows that for any mall, covering half of its area is enough for people to seek shelter from the rain, so the task is to decide the minimum radius of the giant umbrella so that for every shopping mall, the umbrella can cover at least half area of the mall.


The input consists of multiple test cases.

The first line of the input contains one integer T (1 <= T <= 10), which is the number of test cases. For each test case, there is one integer N (1 <= N <= 20) in the first line, representing the number of shopping malls.

The following N lines each contain three integers X,Y,R, representing that the mall has a shape of a circle with radius R and its center is positioned at (X, Y). X and Y are in the range of [-10000,10000] and R is a positive integer less than 2000.


For each test case, output one line contains a real number rounded to 4 decimal places, representing the minimum radius of the giant umbrella that meets the demands.

Sample Input

0 0 1
2 0 1

Sample Output



[Submit]   [Go Back]   [Status]   [Discuss]

Home Page   Go Back  To top

All Rights Reserved 2003-2013 Ying Fuchen,Xu Pengcheng,Xie Di
Any problem, Please Contact Administrator