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Language:
Matrix
Time Limit: 6000MSMemory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 6334Accepted: 1818

Description

Given a N × N matrix A, whose element in the i-th row and j-th column Aij is an number that equals i2 + 100000 × i + j2 - 100000 × j + i × j, you are to find the M-th smallest element in the matrix.

Input

The first line of input is the number of test case.
For each test case there is only one line contains two integers, N(1 ≤ N ≤ 50,000) and M(1 ≤ MN × N). There is a blank line before each test case.

Output

For each test case output the answer on a single line.

Sample Input

12

1 1

2 1

2 2

2 3

2 4

3 1

3 2

3 8

3 9

5 1

5 25

5 10

Sample Output

3
-99993
3
12
100007
-199987
-99993
100019
200013
-399969
400031
-99939

Source

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