Online JudgeProblem SetAuthorsOnline ContestsUser
Web Board
Home Page
F.A.Qs
Statistical Charts
Problems
Submit Problem
Online Status
Prob.ID:
Register
Update your info
Authors ranklist
Current Contest
Past Contests
Scheduled Contests
Award Contest
User ID:
Password:
  Register
Language:
Popular Cows
Time Limit: 2000MSMemory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 23585Accepted: 9658

Description

Every cow's dream is to become the most popular cow in the herd. In a herd of N (1 <= N <= 10,000) cows, you are given up to M (1 <= M <= 50,000) ordered pairs of the form (A, B) that tell you that cow A thinks that cow B is popular. Since popularity is transitive, if A thinks B is popular and B thinks C is popular, then A will also think that C is
popular, even if this is not explicitly specified by an ordered pair in the input. Your task is to compute the number of cows that are considered popular by every other cow.

Input

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers, N and M

* Lines 2..1+M: Two space-separated numbers A and B, meaning that A thinks B is popular.

Output

* Line 1: A single integer that is the number of cows who are considered popular by every other cow.

Sample Input

3 3
1 2
2 1
2 3

Sample Output

1

Hint

Cow 3 is the only cow of high popularity.

Source

[Submit]   [Go Back]   [Status]   [Discuss]

Home Page   Go Back  To top


All Rights Reserved 2003-2013 Ying Fuchen,Xu Pengcheng,Xie Di
Any problem, Please Contact Administrator