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北京大学《ACM-ICPC竞赛训练》暑期课面向全球招生。容量有限,报名从速!
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The Happy Worm
Time Limit: 5000MSMemory Limit: 131072K
Total Submissions: 4791Accepted: 1067

Description

The Happy Worm lives in an m*n rectangular field. There are k stones placed in certain locations of the field. (Each square of the field is either empty, or contains a stone.) Whenever the worm sleeps, it lies either horizontally or vertically, and stretches so that its length increases as much as possible. The worm will not go in a square with a stone or out of the field. The happy worm can not be shorter than 2 squares.

The question you are to answer is how many different positions this worm could be in while sleeping.

Input

The first line of the input contains a single integer t (1 <= t <= 11), the number of test cases, followed by the input data for each test case. The first line of each test case contains three integers m, n, and k (1 <= m,n,k <= 131072). The input for this test case will be followed by k lines. Each line contains two integers which specify the row and column of a stone. No stone will be given twice.

Output

There should be one line per test case containing the number of positions the happy worm can be in.

Sample Input

1
5 5 6
1 5
2 3
2 4
4 2 
4 3
5 1

Sample Output

9

Source

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