Online JudgeProblem SetAuthorsOnline ContestsUser
Web Board
F.A.Qs
Statistical Charts
Problems
Submit Problem
Online Status
Prob.ID:
Register
Authors ranklist
Current Contest
Past Contests
Scheduled Contests
Award Contest
Register
Language:
Dolphin Pool
 Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 10000K Total Submissions: 501 Accepted: 198

Description

In a newly constructed dolphin pool in the Kish island in Persian Gulf, one of the fun games is as follows: the game director throws several plastic rings in the pool such that center of no ring lies inside any other ring, and no two rings are tangent. The dolphins are trained to jump out on the director's whistle through the closed areas that are completely outside the rings, one dolphin from one such area. The dolphins jump out if and only if the number of closed areas exactly equals to the number of dolphins.

You are to write a program to given the following input/output description, finds the number of closed areas between rings to help the dolphins decide to jump out or not.

Input

The first line includes the number of test cases (at most 20). Each test case data has an integer N (1 <= N <= 20), the number of plastic rings, in its first line. Following the first line there are N lines, each containing three integers, the first and second being the x and y coordinates of the circle of the ring, and the third is its radius. Coordinates are positive integers less than 1000 and the radius is in the range 1...100.

Output

For each test case, there must be one line in the output including the number of closed areas in that test case.

Sample Input

```2
4
100 100 20
100 135 20
135 100 20
135 135 20
1
10 10 40
```

Sample Output

```1
0
```

Source

[Submit]   [Go Back]   [Status]   [Discuss]