Online JudgeProblem SetAuthorsOnline ContestsUser
Web Board
F.A.Qs
Statistical Charts
Problems
Submit Problem
Online Status
Prob.ID:
Register
Authors ranklist
Current Contest
Past Contests
Scheduled Contests
Award Contest
Register
ACM-ICPC亚洲区预选赛(北京赛区)游戏对抗邀请赛​正在报名中

Language:
Strategic game
 Time Limit: 2000MS Memory Limit: 10000K Total Submissions: 8024 Accepted: 3734

Description

Bob enjoys playing computer games, especially strategic games, but sometimes he cannot find the solution fast enough and then he is very sad. Now he has the following problem. He must defend a medieval city, the roads of which form a tree. He has to put the minimum number of soldiers on the nodes so that they can observe all the edges. Can you help him?

Your program should find the minimum number of soldiers that Bob has to put for a given tree.

For example for the tree:

the solution is one soldier ( at the node 1).

Input

The input contains several data sets in text format. Each data set represents a tree with the following description:

• the number of nodes
• the description of each node in the following format
or
node_identifier:(0)

The node identifiers are integer numbers between 0 and n-1, for n nodes (0 < n <= 1500);the number_of_roads in each line of input will no more than 10. Every edge appears only once in the input data.

Output

The output should be printed on the standard output. For each given input data set, print one integer number in a single line that gives the result (the minimum number of soldiers). An example is given in the following:

Sample Input

```4
0:(1) 1
1:(2) 2 3
2:(0)
3:(0)
5
3:(3) 1 4 2
1:(1) 0
2:(0)
0:(0)
4:(0)```

Sample Output

```1
2```

Source

[Submit]   [Go Back]   [Status]   [Discuss]