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Language: Area of Polycubes
Description A polycube is a solid made by gluing together unit cubes (one unit on each edge) on one or more faces. The figure in the lower-left is not a polycube because some cubes are attached along an edge.
For this problem, the polycube will be formed from unit cubes centered at integer lattice points in 3-space. The polycube will be built up one cube at a time, starting with a cube centered at (0,0,0). At each step of the process (after the first cube), the next cube must have a face in common with a cube previously included and not be the same as a block previously included. For example, a 1-by-1-by-5 block (as shown above in the upper-left polycube) could be built up as: (0,0,0) (0,0,1) (0,0,2) (0,0,3) (0,0,4) and a 2-by-2-by-2 cube (upper-right figure) could be built as: (0,0,0) (0,0,1) (0,1,1) (0,1,0) (1,0,0) (1,0,1) (1,1,1) (1,1,0) Since the surface of the polycube is made up of unit squares, its area is an integer. Write a program which takes as input a sequence of integer lattice points in 3-space and determines whether is correctly forms a polycube and, if so, what the surface area of the polycube is. Input The first line of input contains a single integer N, (1 <= N <= 1000) which is the number of data sets that follow. Each data set consists of multiple lines of input. The first line contains the number of points P, (1 <= P <= 100) in the problem instance. Each succeeding line contains the centers of the cubes, eight to a line (except possibly for the last line). Each center is given as 3 integers, separated by commas. The points are separated by a single space. Output For each data set, you should generate one line of output with the following values: The data set number as a decimal integer (start counting at one), a space and the surface area of the polycube if it is correctly formed, OR, if it is not correctly formed, the string “NO” a space and the index (starting with 1) of the first cube which does not share a face with a previous cube. Note that the surface area includes the area of any included holes. Sample Input 4 5 0,0,0 0,0,1 0,0,2 0,0,3 0,0,4 8 0,0,0 0,0,1 0,1,0 0,1,1 1,0,0 1,0,1 1,1,0 1,1,1 4 0,0,0 0,0,1 1,1,0 1,1,1 20 0,0,0 0,0,1 0,0,2 0,1,2 0,2,2 0,2,1 0,2,0 0,1,0 1,0,0 2,0,0 1,0,2 2,0,2 1,2,2 2,2,2 1,2,0 2,2,0 2,1,0 2,1,2 2,0,1 2,2,1 Sample Output 1 22 2 24 3 NO 3 4 72 Source |

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