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Language: Tour in Wonder Land
Description You must have heard of the literature "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"! The 3D film "Alice in Wonderland" published by Disney Company becomes the most popular film in 2010! Today, Alice starts her new adventure in Wonderland again! In Wonderland, there are Alice hopes that she could make a tour in which she visits each city exactly once then return to the capital. Furthermore, she doesn't want to traverse any road more than once. Obviously, it is impossible to make such tour with current road system. However, in Wonderland, we can use magic spells! The Cheshire Cat, with his magic power, plans to construct more roads to make Alice's dream come true. Sadly, if he used too many magic spells, he would be weaken. "What is the minimum number of roads I have to construct?" - The poor cat wonders. Could you help him answer this question? Input The first line of input contains the number Output The minimum number of roads to construct. Sample Input 5 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 5 Sample Output 2 Hint In this example, we can construct 2 roads: 3-4 and 4-5, then Alice will be able to take a tour 1-2-3-4-5-1 Source |

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